In the IELTS Reading table completion task, you must fill in a table using words from the reading passage that you have been provided with. To do this, you must ensure that you comprehend the details of the text, that you can locate information in the reading text and that you choose the correct words.
The Characteristics of 12 Architectural Styles From Antiquity to the Present Day
Classical architecture was constructed in Ancient Greece between the 7th and 4th century BC. It is best known for its large temples built in stone. The greatest work of Classical architecture is the Parthenon. Built in the Acropolis of Athens in the 5th century BC, the Parthenon exhibits striking characteristics.
Developed in Europe between the 6th and 9th centuries, this architectural style has a great relation to its historical context. In a period when European countries were at war and worried about protecting against invasions, the buildings, inspired by the Republic of Ancient Rome, were characterized by heavy walls and minimal openings in semicircular arches. Its main exemplars were the churches built during this period.
Beginning in the 16th century, Baroque architecture can also be seen in religious buildings. Making use of ornaments and elements that sought to establish a dramatic sense — especially by contrasting light and dark — Baroque architecture viewed structural elements as platforms for decoration.
Complete the table below with information from the passage above. Choose no more than 1 word to fill in for each answer. Write the answers in the boxes below.
- architecture: another name for buildings
- constructed: built
- temples: a name for certain religious buildings
- striking: something that attracts attention
- invasions: when a large number of people (such as soldiers) enter a place that belongs to someone else
- minimal: small amount of
- semi-circular: half-moon shaped
- exemplars: typical examples of something
- ornaments: objects that are used for decoration, such as a small figurine
- sought: looked for
- structural: related to the structure of something